Dr. Molloy has been trained in two medical specialties.
Gastroenterology is a subspecialty of internal medicine that is focused on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and management of disorders and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), digestive system and related structures. This includes the organs and structures from the mouth to the anus that are involved in the ingestion or digestion of foods, as well as those involved in the excretion of processed biological materials.
Gastroenterologists are able to treat a wide range of diseases and disorders ranging from the very common to the very rare. These may include heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gallstones, constipation, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and gastrointestinal cancers, among other disorders. When diagnosing these disorders gastroenterologists rely on a variety of techniques and procedures, including colonoscopies, biopsies, esophageal dilation, endoscopies, X-rays and various other diagnostic procedures.
After a successful diagnosis of the condition or disease, gastroenterologists will personalize a treatment and management plan for each patient. For example, if a patient is diagnosed with IBS (a long term, chronic condition that causes patients to suffer recurring bouts of abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation), the physician must tailor a treatment and management plan that is unique to the patient, based on their specific medical situation. This may include suggestions with regard to diet and exercise, the prescription of medications, and in some cases, surgery.
Learn more about gastroenterology at MD.com.
Internal medicine is a specialized field of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of all types of adult diseases. Due to the fact that there are thousands of different diseases and afflictions that affect adults, internists (physicians who practice internal medicine) often serve as primary care physicians to their patients.
Internists play a crucial role in the diagnosis of disease in adult patients and perform a variety of diagnostic procedures and tests to assist in this process. Internists are trained to perform and analyze blood tests, review family histories, review diagnostic imaging tests, skin tests, biopsies, stress tests and endoscopies, among many other procedures, depending upon the patient’s condition or apparent symptoms.
Doctors of internal medicine are prepared to provide treatment patients with diseases that relate to, or encompass, more than one bodily system. It is this expertise that allows internists to be the “puzzle solvers” of primary care when it comes to making diagnoses; internists are often consulted for their diagnostic capabilities when other primary care physicians are unable to arrive at the correct diagnosis.
Learn more about internal medicine at MD.com.